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Plagiarism Prevention and Citing Sources

Ways to Acknowledge Sources

Citation Styles

Acknowledging your sources is crucial to doing honest academic work. That means citing them properly, using one of several styles. The one you choose depends on your field, your professor's advice if you are a student, and your own preferences. There are 3 major citation styles:

  • Chicago (or Turabian), used in many fields
  • MLA, used in the humanities
  • APA, used in social sciences, education, and business
Examples of bibliographic citations for an article:
Chicago style Listengarten, Julia and Watson Keri. 2018. "Staging Representations: Reflections on Performing Activism in a Visual Art and Theatre Collaboration." Scene 6 (1): 29-50.
MLA style Listengarten, Julia, and Watson Keri. “Staging Representations: Reflections on Performing Activism in a Visual Art and Theatre Collaboration.” 6.1 (2018): 29–50. Web. Scene 6.
APA style Listengarten, J., & Watson Keri. (2018). Staging representations: Reflections on performing activism in a visual art and theatre collaboration. Scene, 6(1), 29-50. doi:101386/scene.6.1.3_2

Citation Styles are designed to meet special needs. Despite their differences, all these citation styles have the same basic goals:

  • to identify and credit the sources you use; and
  • to give readers specific information so they can access these sources themselves, if they wish.

To find out more about the different citation styles, please view the list of online references provided below.